Information based technology is a diverse field of work that needs trained individuals to study, design, develop and implement, support or manage computer-based information systems. In the 1980s, it was calculated that the technology would be the wave of the future. The projection was accurate.
Students who took the course back then are now among the top paid employees. They have branched out specialists in computer engineering, computer systems administrators, database administrators, computer security, communications security and website administrators.
The expansion of computer technology and its use in high-profile corporations contributed to the demand for computer specialists. Corporations required efficient storage and analysis of information, transmission of information. The information is shared and stored within the organization through a network and systems including computer databases and the Internet.
Network Engineers design the firm's computer network. They test and evaluate the set up LAN or Local Area Network and WAN or Wide Area Network and ensure system security. The set-up configuration enables the sharing of stored information within the workplace. Workers can exchange emails, voicemail, and hold real time conferences with other workers in another office without having to get out of the building.
Systems Administrators have different responsibilities. On top of design of the system and installation of network hardware, they service the LANs and WANs, support network segments and oversee the internet and intranet systems. This type of specialist employment is in big demand in global corporations as well as local firms with office branches in the different parts of the country. Thus it is their job to evaluate system performance and identify information needs of workers
Database Administrators are also knowledgeable on computer design and installation. But theirs job is more focused on servicing the setup the system and installation of computer hardware. It is their responsibility to ensure the security of the database because the computer systems are hooked up to the internet. When an office switches to a new computer system, the database administrator configures the integration of the old system to the new system.
Computer Security Specialists take charge of educating users on information security. Information Technology consultants along this area monitor the system for cyber attacks. They work with the law by gathering evidence. This job is difficult as hackers and cyber attacks become more complicated.
Website Developers create websites using an internet language. With special software they create the look that boosts corporate branding yet ensures that users and customers can easily navigate the website.
Website Administrators maintain the website. The websites must be accessible at all times for all users. They also monitor site traffic, study traffic patterns, and other metrics. They work closely with website developers and other computer and internet experts.
Education and Training
IT courses take four years to complete. But graduates of any college course are accepted to the profession BUT they should have the relevant skills for the position. A business administration graduate with proficiency certifications and has completed side courses on IT have better chances to get an IT job too. A Management Information System or MIS may be required but relevant courses and competency certificates from accredited programs are adequate.
For top paying jobs in this career, graduates have to have experience on the job for a required minimum number of years. Entry level jobs are in computer support. If you have a college diploma and want to venture into IT, an associate diploma on relevant courses is mandatory. For top paying jobs in IT career, one must have an MBA diploma.
Work Environment and Compensation
IT workers and consultants are provided a good working environment. The job may not always be an eight hour work day. Most of the times, IT professionals have to work 50 hours a week or even on weekdays when necessary.
Companies gave a median annual wage of $70,000 for IT management and computer design. Wired telecommunication carriers gave an average $66,950 annually. Schools and universities a bit lower but the annual earnings do not go below $57,000.
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